STOREDB:STUDY1098 Radioecology data for wildlife and human assessments (UK) [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098]

Study meta-data


STUDYIDSTOREDB:STUDY1098
CREATEDON2017-11-07 14:50:58
MODIFIEDON2017-11-07 16:45:49
UPLOADERJacky Chaplow
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098

Study details


STUDY NAME
Radioecology data for wildlife and human assessments (UK)
STUDY STATUS
Published: Open access to everyone
DATA SHARING POLICY
CC-Attribution
COUNTRY
United Kingdom
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Prof. Nick Beresford
SIZE OF COHORT
1000-9999
EXPOSURE CONTEXT
Environmental
BIOLOGICAL SAMPLE AVAILABLE
No
STUDY DESCRIPTION
Data comprise: Observations of Fukushima fallout in Great Britain, Element and radionuclide concentrations in representative species of the ICRP's Reference Animals and Plants and associated soils from a forest in north-west England, Exposure of burrowing mammals to Radon Rn-222 in Northwest England, Natural radionuclide concentrations in soil, water, sediment and biota in England and Wales, A database of radionuclide biological half-life values for wildlife,
Post Chernobyl surveys of radiocaesium in soil, vegetation, wildlife and fungi in Great Britain, Elemental concentrations in fish from lakes in Northwest England and Predicted Caesium-137 deposition from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests.

STOREDB:DATASET1148 Predicted Caesium-137 deposition from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1148]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:51:38 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:51:38
DATASET NAME
Predicted Caesium-137 deposition from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1148
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/c3e530bf-af20-43fc-8b4b-92682233ff08
DATASET DESCRIPTION
Prediction of Caesium-137 (Cs-137) deposition from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. The methodology uses a ratio of Cs-137 deposition and precipitation measured at Milford Haven by the Atomic Energy Authority extrapolated across Great Britain using a 5 by 5 km resolution UKCIP precipitation dataset. The prediction is for 31 December 1985.
Citation: Wright, S.M. (2016). Predicted Caesium-137 deposition from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/c3e530bf-af20-43fc-8b4b-92682233ff08

STOREDB:DATASET1147 Elemental concentrations in fish from lakes in Northwest England [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1147]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:50:17 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:50:17
DATASET NAME
Elemental concentrations in fish from lakes in Northwest England
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1147
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/ed90df1b-462c-46bb-afbd-59794fb03f6b
DATASET DESCRIPTION
Data comprise concentrations of elements in ashed fish sampled from lakes in the English Lake District in 2012 and 2013. Fish were collected from three lakes (Windermere, Bassenthwaite Lake and Derwent Water) by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) Lake Ecosystems group. Fish species collected were Roach (Rutilus rutilus), Perch (Perca fluviatilis), Ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus), Brown trout (Salmo trutta), Pike (Esox lucius) and Vendace (Coregonus albula). All samples were ashed prior to analysis by ICPMS or ICPOES to determine elemental concentrations.
Citation: Barnett, C.L.; Wells, C.; Thacker, S.; Guyatt, H.J.; Fletcher, J.M.; Lawlor, A.J.; Winfield, I.J.; Beresford, N.A. (2015). Elemental concentrations in fish from lakes in Northwest England. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/ed90df1b-462c-46bb-afbd-59794fb03f6b

STOREDB:DATASET1146 A database of radionuclide biological half-life values for wildlife [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1146]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:48:58 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:48:58
DATASET NAME
A database of radionuclide biological half-life values for wildlife
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1146
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/b95c2ea7-47d2-4816-b942-68779c59bc4d
DATASET DESCRIPTION
Data comprise biological and ecological half-life values for marine, freshwater, terrestrial and riparian organisms. The database includes 1908 biological half-life values for 52 elements across a range of wildlife groups (marine, freshwater, terrestrial and riparian). The compilation of values from a range of sources was conducted by an international working group under the auspices of an International Atomic Energy Agency programme.
Citation: Beresford, N.A.; Beaugelin-Seiller, K.; Wells, C.; Vives-Lynch, S.; Vives i Batlle, J.; Wood, M.D.; Tagami, K.; Real, A.; Burgos, J.; Fesenko, S.; Cujic, M.; Kryshev, A.; Pachal, N.; Su, B.S.; Barnett, C.L.; Uchida, S.; Hinton, T.; Mihalík, J.; Stark, K.; Willrodt, C.; Chaplow, J.S. (2015). A database of radionuclide biological half-life values for wildlife. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/b95c2ea7-47d2-4816-b942-68779c59bc4d

STOREDB:DATASET1145 Natural radionuclide concentrations in soil, water, sediment and biota in England and Wales [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1145]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:47:50 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:47:50
DATASET NAME
Natural radionuclide concentrations in soil, water, sediment and biota in England and Wales
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1145
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/bb2d7874-7bf4-44de-aa43-348bd684a2fe
DATASET DESCRIPTION
Data comprise estimates of activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides (40K, 238U and 232Th series radionuclides) in environmental media (soil and stream sediments and waters) and non-human biota (focusing on the ICRP Reference Animals and Plants). For soil, stream sediments and stream waters data were derived from total K, U and Th concentrations mainly from the ongoing geochemical survey of the United Kingdom (G-BASE), conducted by the British Geological Survey. The geochemical survey data are currently incomplete for England and Wales, but almost complete coverage was obtained for K in stream sediments by using the Wolfson Atlas data for southern England. For U and Th in sediments and K, U and Th in soils, more complete coverage was achieved by geological extrapolation (using relationships between soils/sediments and bedrock/superficial geology). For media and sediments, datasets are provided for both: (i) geometric mean concentrations from measured samples on a 5 x 5 km square basis where data are available; and (ii) extrapolated surfaces covering all of England and Wales. Data for non-human biota are from targeted sampling and analyses and data review.
Citation: Beresford, N.A.; Barnett, C.L.; Jones, D.G.; Wood, M.D.; Appleton, J.D.; Breward, N.; Copplestone, D. (2015). Natural radionuclide concentrations in soil, water, sediment and biota in England and Wales. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/bb2d7874-7bf4-44de-aa43-348bd684a2fe

STOREDB:DATASET1144 Post Chernobyl surveys of radiocaesium in soil, vegetation, wildlife and fungi in Great Britain [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1144]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:46:23 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:46:23
DATASET NAME
Post Chernobyl surveys of radiocaesium in soil, vegetation, wildlife and fungi in Great Britain
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1144
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/d0a6a8bf-68f0-4935-8b43-4e597c3bf251
DATASET DESCRIPTION
Data comprise radiocaesium concentrations in soil, vegetation, wildlife and fungi analysed from samples collected from throughout Great Britain after the 1986 Chernobyl accident by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), formerly the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE). National level vegetation surveys were conducted in May 1986, October 1986 and Spring 1987. More intensive surveys of vegetation (grass and heather) and wildlife (grouse, fox, etc.) in restricted areas were carried out in Cumbria, Wales and North Yorkshire in 1989, 1990, 1991 and 1993. Surveys of fungi were carried out between 1994 and 1997. The data are suitable for interpolation to create spatially variable surfaces suitable for input into models.
Citation: Chaplow, J.S.; Beresford, N.A.; Barnett, C.L. (2015). Post Chernobyl surveys of radiocaesium in soil, vegetation, wildlife and fungi in Great Britain. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/d0a6a8bf-68f0-4935-8b43-4e597c3bf251

STOREDB:DATASET1143 Exposure of burrowing mammals to Radon Rn-222 in Northwest England [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1143]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:44:54 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:44:54
DATASET NAME
Exposure of burrowing mammals to Radon Rn-222 in Northwest England
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1143
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/2641515F-5B76-445C-A936-1DA51BF365AD
DATASET DESCRIPTION
This dataset includes individual passive detector measurements of radon Rn-222 in the air of artificial burrows, Rn-222 measurements by instrumentation in soil gas of interstitial soil pores and burrow air, gamma analyses results for soil samples and, soil moisture and temperature data. Estimates of absorbed dose rates to wildlife from exposure to natural background radionuclides are required to put estimates of dose rates arising from regulated releases of radioactivity and proposed benchmarks into context. These data are from a study conducted at seven sites in northwest England (comprising broadleaved and coniferous woodlands, scrubland and pastures). Passive track etch detectors were used to measure the Rn-222 concentrations in artificial burrows over a period of approximately one year (July 2009 to June 2010). Instrumented measurements of burrow air and soil pore gas were also conducted in October 2009. The data result from a study funded by NERC-CEH and the England & Wales Environment Agency. Details of the study and a discussion of its findings can be found in: Beresford et al. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.023).
Citation: Beresford, N.A.; Barnett, C.L.; Vives i Batlle, J.; Potter, E.D.; Ibrahimi, Z-F.; Barlow, T.S.; Schieb, C.; Jones, D.G.; Copplestone, D. (2012). Exposure of burrowing mammals to Radon Rn-222 in Northwest England. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/2641515F-5B76-445C-A936-1DA51BF365AD

STOREDB:DATASET1142 Element and radionuclide concentrations in representative species of the ICRP's Reference Animals and Plants and associated soils from a forest in north-west England [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1142]


Created on:2017-11-07 15:42:29 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:42:29
DATASET NAME
Element and radionuclide concentrations in representative species of the ICRP's Reference Animals and Plants and associated soils from a forest in north-west England
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1142
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/e40b53d4-6699-4557-bd55-10d196ece9ea
DATASET DESCRIPTION
This dataset presents the results of an initial sampling exercise conducted at a terrestrial site in northwest England in summer 2010. The following samples of terrestrial Reference Animals and Plants (RAPs) were obtained from an area of circa 0.4 km squared: Molinia caerulea (ICRP RAP Wild Grass defined as Poaceae); Picea sitchensis (ICRP RAP Pine Tree defined as Pinaceae); Apis spp., Bombus spp., Nomada spp. (ICRP RAP Bee defined as Apidea); Apodemus sylvaticus (ICRP RAP Rat defined as Muridae); Earthworms (species in the Family Lumbricidae as defined for the ICRP RAP Earthworm); Deer (belonging to the Family Anatidae (i.e. the ICRP RAP Deer). Soil samples were also collected from throughout the sampling area. All samples were analysed for multiple elements using ICP-MS/ICP-OES and most for gamma-emitting radionuclides. Results have been used to derive biota-soil concentration ratios. The ICRP have published their framework for radiation protection of the environment (ICRP Publication 108). This describes the use of RAPs as the basis for their framework. The RAPs are generalised to the taxonomic level of Family. Publication 108 presented dose coefficient values for the selected RAPs and also reviewed data on the effects of ionising radiation to suggest Derived Consideration Reference Levels for each RAP. In summer 2010 the ICRP released a further report on their protection framework for consultation. This report presented transfer parameter values (organism-media concentration ratios) for Reference Animals and Plants. The report also raised the possibility of identifying a series of sites where samples of each Reference Animal and Plant, and their different lifestages, could be collected and analysed. It was suggested that the resultant data would constitute a set of reference values analogous to approaches used by the ICRP for human radiological protection.
Citation: Barnett, C. L.; Beresford, N. A.; Walker, L. A.; Baxter, M.; Wells, C.; Copplestone, D. (2013). Element and radionuclide concentrations in representative species of the ICRP's Reference Animals and Plants and associated soils from a forest in north-west England. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/e40b53d4-6699-4557-bd55-10d196ece9ea

STOREDB:DATASET1141 Observations of Fukushima fallout in Great Britain [DOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1141]


Created on:2017-11-07 14:51:48 Modified On:2017-11-07 15:55:46
DATASET NAME
Observations of Fukushima fallout in Great Britain
DOIDOI:10.20348/STOREDB/1098/1141
LINK TO FILE
https://doi.org/10.5285/1a91c7d1-ec44-4858-9af2-98d80f169bbd
DATASET DESCRIPTION
Following the Fukushima accident in March 2011, grass samples were collected from 42 sites around Great Britain during April 2011. Iodine-131 was measurable in grass samples across the country with activity concentrations ranging from 10 to 55 Bq per kg dry matter. Concentrations were similar to those reported in other European countries. Rainwater and some foodstuffs were also analysed from a limited number of sites. Of these, I-131 was only detectable in sheep's milk (c. 2 Bq/kg). Caesium-134, which can be attributed to releases from the Fukushima reactors, was detectable in six of the grass samples (4-8 Bq/kg dry matter); 137Cs was detected in a larger number of grass samples although previous release sources (atmospheric weapons test and the 1986 Chernobyl and 1957 Windscale accidents) are likely to have contributed to this. All data and information for this sampling are available from this record. The data result from collaboration between CEH and the University of Stirling.
Citation: Beresford, N.A.; Barnett, C.L.; Howard, B.J.; Howard, D.C.; Tyler, A.N.; Bradley, S.; Copplestone, D. (2011). Observations of Fukushima fallout in Great Britain. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/1a91c7d1-ec44-4858-9af2-98d80f169bbd